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  • Writer's pictureDr Ravi Mohali


What is fibromyalgia?

Fibromyalgia is a chronic, long-term illness. It causes all-over muscle pain, joint pain and fatigue. The pain may come and go. There’s no known cause, although certain factors such as stress and genetics may predispose someone toward the disease. Although there isn’t a cure, medications, lifestyle, exercise, managing your stress, healthy habits changes and other alternative therapies offer relief like Reflexology and Chiropractic therapies may ease your symptoms enough that you can live a normal and active life.

Who might get fibromyalgia?

Anyone can get fibromyalgia, including children. Women are twice as likely as men to have fibromyalgia. Symptoms often appear during middle age. Up to 20% of patients who suffer from other chronic disorders such as rheumatoid arthritis, lupus and sarcoidosis can also have fibromyalgia.

What causes fibromyalgia?

Medical experts and research don’t know why some people develop fibromyalgia. But, many researchers believe that repeated nerve stimulation causes fibromyalgia in people because the brain's pain receptors seem to develop a sort of memory of the pain and become sensitized, meaning they can overreact to painful and non-painful signals. This change involves an abnormal increase in levels of certain chemicals in the brain that signal pain. It sometimes runs in families. Certain conditions or endocrine gland's malfunctioning may bring on symptoms.

What are the symptoms of fibromyalgia?

Widespread muscle pain and joint pain along with fatigue and poor sleep are the defining symptoms of fibromyalgia. The disease affects people differently.

You may also experience:

Feeling nervous, worried, or depressed, Anxiety or depression.

Digestive problems, including diarrhea or constipation.

Face or jaw pain (temporomandibular disorders).

Headaches or migraines.

Memory problems.

Tingling or numbness in hands or feet.

Muscle pain, burning, twitching, or tightness.

Draining fatigue.

Insomnia or not sleeping well.

Trouble concentrating and remembering, called "fibro fog"


Your doctor will examine you and ask you about your past medical issues and about other close family members.

There's no test that can tell you that you have fibromyalgia. Instead, because the symptoms are so similar to other conditions, your doctor will want to rule out illnesses such as an underactive thyroid, different types of arthritis, Vitamins, and lupus (Lupus is a disease that occurs when your body's immune system attacks your own tissues and organs "autoimmune disease"). So you may get blood tests to check hormone levels and signs of inflammation, as well as X-rays.

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