• Dr Ravi Mohali

What is Osteoarthritis ?

Osteoarthritis, also known as degenerative joint disease (DJD), is the most common chronic joint condition. OA is also called wear-and-tear arthritis. OA occurs most often in older people, although it can occur in adults of any age. The changes in osteoarthritis usually occur slowly over many years, though there are occasional exceptions. Inflammation and injury to the joint cause bony changes, deterioration of tendons and ligaments and a breakdown of cartilage, resulting in pain, swelling, and deformity of the joint.

The most common symptoms of OA include:

• Joint pain

• Stiffness in the joint

• Loss of flexibility

• Tenderness or discomfort when pressing on the affected areas with your fingers

• Inflammation

• Crepitus, or grating, crackling, clicking, or popping sounds when you move your joints

• Bone spurs, or extra lumps of bone, which are typically painless

Other causes of joint damage include:

• Past injury, such as torn cartilage, dislocated joints, or ligament injuries

• Joint malformation

• Obesity

• Poor posture

There are various kinds of osteoarthritis which may include:

• Osteoarthritis of the hips

• Osteoarthritis of the knees

• Cervical osteoarthritis

• Osteoarthritis of the spine

• Osteoarthritis of the hands

Osteoarthritis diagnosis

OA is a disease that often develops slowly. It can be hard to diagnose until it starts to cause painful or debilitating symptoms. Early OA is often diagnosed after an accident or other incident that causes a fracture requiring an X-ray. In addition to X-rays, your doctor may use an MRI to diagnose OA. Other diagnostic tests include a blood test to rule out other conditions that cause joint pain, such as RA. A synovial (joint) fluid analysis can also help determine whether gout or infection is the underlying cause of your inflammation.

How can I manage OA and improve my quality of life?

If you suffer from arthritis, you understand that this can have an adverse impact on your overall quality of life. That is why it is important to develop a comprehensive treatment plan that includes chiropractic care, Reflexology Treatment, myofascial release technique and Trigger point therapy can also help you recover from arthritis.

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